This research explores a technique to rapidly prototype haptic and functional physical interfaces through desktop 3D printing and embedded static magnets.

Haptic feedback is an integral part of our interactions with physical interfaces; the ‘click’ of flicking a light switch, or the resistance of turning a door knob, accompanies our use of these objects. They contribute to our tangible everyday experiences. Yet, take apart the simplest light switch and you will find a complex assembly of different mechanisms and materials.

While desktop 3D printing has enabled designers to efficiently fabricate physical form—embedding and specifying haptics is still a challenging task. Furthermore, even as embedded electronic afforded by platforms like Arduino help us rapidly prototype functional physical interfaces; designers often contend with off-the-shelf components—designing their prototypes around the most appropriate prefabricated parts they can find.

Mechamagnets aims to disrupt the prototyping process of physical interfaces by offering a technique that provides designers with an efficient means of detailing the physical form, function and haptics of physical interfaces. Through mechamagnets, designers specify different physical interaction affordances realized through 3D printed parts that assemble and move with different spatial contraints. The configuration of embedded static magnets then enable different passive haptic responses. These same magnets also participate in the instrumentation of the physical interface with the help of linear Hall effect sensors.

Tactile feedback with embedded magnets
Instrumentation via Hall effect sensors

Exploring and fabricating haptic physical interfaces

Design to fabrication pipeline

Case study: creating a tangible input device

Case study: blending physical interactions

Case study: embedding haptic movements

Copyright 2020 Clement Zheng